Pongal is a four-day festival celebrated with lot of gusto in Tamil Nadu. It is observed in the Tamil month, Thai Masam. Pongal 2013 starts on January 13 with Bhogi Pongal.
It is the biggest harvest festival celebrated as thanks giving occasion to the nature. Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal, Mattu Pongal, Kannum Pongal are the four festivals celebrated on first, second, third and fourth day respectively.
Pongal 2013 dates – Pongal Calendar 2013
Bhogi Pongal 2013 – January 13
Surya Pongal 2013 – January 14 (Thai Pongal)
Mattu Pongal 2013 – January 15
Kaanum Pongal 2013 – January 16
Pongal marks the suns transit or sankramana to Makara Rashi or Capricorn zodiac sign. Sankramana Snana or the ritual bath during Makara Sankramana is the most auspicious ritual observed along the banks of holy rivers like Cauvery, Pampa and Vaigai in Tamil Nadu.