Mitra Saptami is a Vrat dedicated to Surya Bhagavan (Sun God). It falls on Shukla Paksha Saptami in Margashirsha Month. In 2016, Mitra Saptami date is December 6.
Surya Deva is worshipped with Shodashopachara Puja. Devotees offer special naivedyam on Mitra Saptami to Sun God.
As per many legends, Sun God is worshipped with various names in each month. ‘Mitra’ is the name of Surya Bhagavan for Margashira Masam. Hence, the name of the vrat is – Mitra Saptami.
It is highly meritorious for those who are suffering from health disorders to perform Surya Puja on Mitra Saptami.
It is to note that the major festival dedicated to Surya Bhagavan is – Ratha Saptami.