Kalagni Shamana Avatara is the 4th among Dattatreya’s 16 incarnations. Among all 16 Avataras of Shri Datta, Kalagni Shamana is regarded as most prominent one.
‘Kalagni Shamana Janma Katha’ goes like this… Due to the hard penance at the Riksha hill, Atri looked very bright and his body became too hot. Bhagwan Shri Hari came to Atri to cool down his heat. Due to this achievement this Avatar is known as ‘Kalagnishamana’.
When Atri opened his eyes, he saw before him the most loving Anasuya. The bright lustre of his eyes entered in the body of Anasuya on Margshirsh Shuddha Saptami and nine month’s period was completed in 9 days (one day being or ritatithi) and the Divine Form appeared before Anasuya on Kartik Purnima. Anasuya wondered to see this. She entreated the God in humility saying, “I shall not be content until you take birth as a human being from my womb.” Subsequently Shri Hari appeared as a newly born baby and lay on her bedstead. At this time it was Mrigashira Nakshatra and the moon was just rising. Durwas and Chandra also were born at the same time.
Kalagni Shamana Dhyana Shloka
Kalagni Shamana Arghya Mantras:
Amaaya Yaathma Roopaya, Kaalaagni Shamanaayacha, Thoya Tatwa Nivaasaaya , Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Kaayena yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu
Gnaana Nandaika Roopaya, Anasuyananda Naayacha, Bhaktaarishta Vinaashaaya. Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Vachasaa yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu
Nirvikalpaaya Shudhaaya, Siddhaaya Paramaathmane, Maaya Guna Vimukthaa Ya, Karmanaargyam Dadaamyaham
Manasaa yatkrutam tatsarvam shree guru dattatreyaarpanamasthu