Fani Gauri Vratam (Phani Gowri Puja) is a major ritual during Nag Chaturthi and Nag Panchami in Shravan month. ‘Phani’ means Naga or snakes and Gauri is Goddess Parvati. In 2016, Phani Gauri Puja starts on August 6 and ends on August 8.
Naga Chaturthi Upvaas date in 2016 is August 6 and Naga Panchami date is August 7. This vratham starts with Upvaas on Shravan Shukla Chaturthi and end with breaking of the upvaas on Nag Panchami (Shravan Shukla Panchami).
In some places, on Nag Chaturthi day in Shravan masa women and children go to snake pit and pour milk and offer special pujas to the Snake Goddess. In other places on Nag Panchami day this Naga puja is observed at snake pit. The procedure of Puja to snake pit and to snake Goddess depend upon the local beliefs and traditions.
In some other places, images of five-hooded cobra or Naga devata are drawn at the puja place and offer prayers to them. Devotees also draw the same images on the compound wall of their houses seeking the blessings of the Snake Goddess. Along with Naag Devata Goddess Gauri is also offered prayers on this day. Women make ‘Gauri’ idol with turmeric powder and installed at puja place after Ganapati puja.
Phani Gauri Puja is also observed in Kartik month or Kartika masam, just on the fourth day after Diwali. This vratham is also known as Nag Chaturthi or Nagula Chavithi.
Phanigauri Vratham in Previous Years
In 2015, Phani Gauri Puja starts on August 18 and ends on August 19. Naga Chaturthi Upvaas date in 2015 is August 18 and Naga Panchami date is August 19.
In 2014, Phani Gauri Puja starts on July 31 and ends on August 1. Naga Chaturthi Upvaas date in 2014 is July 31 and Naga Panchami date is August 1.
In 2013, Phani Gauri Puja starts on August 10 and ends on August 11. Naga Chaturthi Upvaas date in 2013 is August 10 and Naga Panchami date is August 11.
In 2012, Phani Gauri Puja starts on July 22 and ends on July 23. Naga Chaturthi Upvaas date in 2012 is July 22 and Naga Panchami date is July 23.