Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti, the birth anniversary of Shivaji Maharaj. In 2014, Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti date is February 19 (as per English calendar date). Tithi anusar, Shivaji Jayanti date is March 19.
Tithi anusar (as per the Hindu calendar), Shivaji Maharaj was born on the third day of dark half of Phalguna month, Phalgun Krishna Paksha Tritiya. He was born as Shivaji Bhosle to Shahaji Bhonsle and Jijabai on 19 February 1630.
Shivaji Maharaj was the founder of ‘Hindavi Swarajya’ (self-rule of Hindu people). He fought against Mughals to defend his kingdom and was crowned ‘Chhatrapati’ (sovereign) of the Maratha kingdom in 1674. It is also believed that he worshipped Goddess Tulja Bhavani at Tuljapur Shakti peetha temple and got a sword as a boon from the Goddess.
Shivaji was a disciple of Samarth Ramdas. He asked his guru to spread the fragrance of Hinduism all over India. He also requested Sant Ramdas to shift his residence to the fort of Parali to establish his ashram (monastery) there.
Shivaji Maharaj left his physical abode on April 3, 1680.
In 2013, Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti date was March 30 as per tithi. Tithi anusar, in 2012 Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti was on March 10.